UPSC IAS Exam 2020 Eligibility, Age, Qualification, Reservation

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                     UPSC IAS EXAM 2020

In this Post, I will Clear all the basis & advance doubt of UPSC IAS Exam Like

  • IAS exam syllabus, 
  • IAS exam questions, 
  • IAS exam 2020 pattern, 
  • UPSC IAS Exam 2020 Eligibility, 
  • IAS exam date, 
  • IAS exam procedure, 
  • IAS exam 2020 preparation tips, 
  • IAS exam subjects etc
  • UPSC IAS Exam 2020 Age limit
  • UPSC IAS Exam 2020 Qualification
  • UPSC IAS Exam 2020 Reservation
What is UPSC IAS EXAM or Civil Services Exam ? 
It is a competitive examination in India 
It is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), and Indian Police Service (IPS). 
What is qualification for IAS?
The educational qualification needed to appear in UPSC CSE is a degree (graduation) in any subject. Final year students can also apply. 
What does an IAS officer do?
Functions of IAS Officers:

The IAS handles affairs of government, which involves the framing and implementation of policy in consultation with the concerned Minister. Implementation of policies calls for supervision and also traveling to the places where the decisions taken are being implemented. Implementation entails disbursement of funds, which calls for personal supervision.

UPSC IAS Exam is divided in 3 parts. 

1. Prelims (objective) 
2. Mains (written) 
3. Interview (mock) 

  • a preliminary examination consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies Paper I and General Studies Paper II also popularly known as Civil Service Aptitude Test or CSAT), and 

  • a main examination consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type, in which two papers are qualifying and only marks of seven are counted 

  • followed by a personality test (interview).

Duration 2 hours/paper (Prelims)
3 hours/paper (Mains)
Score / grade range 0 – 200 (Prelims)
0 – 1750 (Mains)
0 – 275 (Interview)
Total = 2025 (Mains + Interview)
Restrictions on attempts 6 (General), 9 (OBC & PwBD- General), no limits for SC & ST candidates
Languages Question paper is only given in Hindi or English. Answers can be given in any one of the scheduled languages of India
Fee  100/- (for general male candidates). For other categories of candidates, the registration fee is exempted.
Qualification rate approximately 0.1 %
What is the List of Services in UPSC IAS Exam? 

All India Services

  1. Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

  2. Indian Police Service(IPS)

  3. Indian Forest Service (IFS) 

Central Services (Group A)

  1. Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

  2. Indian P&T Accounts and Finance Service(IP&TAFS)

  3. Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)

  4. Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)

  5. Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)

  6. Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)

  7. Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)

  8. Indian Information Service (IIS)

  9. Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)

  10. Indian Postal Service (IPoS)

  11. Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)

  12. Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)

  13. Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)

  14. Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT)

  15. Indian Revenue Service (IRS-C&CE)

  16. Indian Trade Service (ITrS)

  17. Railway Protection Force (RPF)

Group B Services

  1. Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services(AFHCS)

  2. Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS)

  3. Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Police Service (DANIPS)

  4. Pondicherry Civil Service (PCS)

  5. Pondicherry Police Service (PPS)

Now, come to Exam pattern…..
The pattern of the Preliminary examination up to 2010 was based on the recommendations of the Kothari Commission (1979). 

  • It included two examinations, one on general studies worth 150 marks, and the second on one of 23 optional subjects worth 300 marks. 
  • Until 2011, when it was revamped,the preliminary pattern was sustained with only minor changes once every ten to fifteen years.
From 2011 onwards, the preliminary examination, now popularly known as the Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) (officially it is still called General Studies Paper-1 and Paper-2), intends to focus on analytical abilities and understanding rather than the ability to memorize. The new pattern includes two papers of two hours duration and 200 marks each.Both papers have multiple choice objective type questions only. They are as follows:
What is the syllabus of IAS prelims?
The Preliminary Examination consists of two papers of objective type (multiple-choice questions) carrying a maximum of 400 marks.

The Question Papers (Test Booklets) are set in English & Hindi

General Studies Paper – I 200 Marks
General Studies Paper – II 200 Marks(CSAT) 

UPSC Prelims Syllabus for Paper I – (200 marks)

Duration: Two hours (Counted for the merit rank in the Prelims)

  1. Current events of national and international importance.

  2. History of India and Indian National Movement.

  3. Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.

  4. Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.

  5. Economic and Social Development Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.

  6. General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.

  7. General Science.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus for Paper II- (200 marks)

Duration: Two hours (Not counted for the merit rank in Prelims but a qualifying Paper; just needs 33% marks)

  1. Interpersonal skills including communication skills.

  2. Logical reasoning and analytical ability.

  3. Decision-making and problem-solving.

  4. General mental ability.

  5. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X level).

Is there any negative marking in upsc ias prelims exam 2020? 

  • In prelims, every question is of 2 marks. So, if a student answers a question correctly then 2 marks will be awarded to him. But there is also a penalty on wrong attempt. For every question marked wrong UPSC deduct one-third of the question’s mark. Since every question carries 2 marks, so penalty for every wrong answer will be 2/3 i.e. 0.67 marks.
  • So, suppose a student attempted 79 questions in the prelims exam. Now if he marks 64 question correctly but 15 question wrong. Then his expected score would be: 64(2) – 15(.67) = 128 – 10 = 118 marks.
  • Student should understand this method of calculating marks correctly. As this will help students in finding how much question they need to attempt to get a particular score.
  • For example, if a student aim to get 120 marks in UPSC IAS prelims then he can have several permutations of the question to be attempted to get those marks.:
  • If he attempted 90 questions than he can afford to marks around 22 question wrong: 68(2) – 22(.67) = 121.33 marks.
  • If he attempted 80 questions than he can afford to marks around 22 question wrong: 65(2) – 15(.67) = 120 marks.
  • If he attempted 70 questions than he can afford to marks around 8 question wrong: 62(2) – 8(.67) = 118.67 marks.
  • It is generally seen that those students who don’t try to estimate, how many question they need to attempt to get a particular score, generally over attempts the number of question which led to large negative marking.

What is the important date for UPSC IAS 2020 EXAM?

Organisation Union Public Service Commission
Official Notification Announced 12th February 2020
Date of Application Forms Availability
12th February 2020
Application Form Submit Last date 3rd March 2020
Admit Card for Preliminary Examinations May 2020
IAS 2020 Preliminary Exam Date Announced 31st May 2020 (1 Day)
UPSC 2020 Main Examination 18 September 2020 (5 Days)


UPSC IAS Exam Pattern

  • a) UPSC Prelims Exam questions are of an objective type or Multiple Choice Questions.
  • b) The negative marking for incorrect answers will be 1/3rd of the allotted marks of that question.
  • c) The GS Paper II is of qualifying nature and aspirants should score a minimum of 33 percent in this paper to qualify for the Mains Examination.
  • d) Aspirants who are visually impaired will be given an extra time of 20 minutes for each paper in the prelims exam.
  • e) It is mandatory for the aspirants to appear in both the papers of civil services prelims exam for the evaluation.
  • f) As per the official notification, marks scored by the aspirants in the preliminary examination are not counted for the final score.
  • g) The question papers will be set in both Hindi and English. Questions related to English Language Comprehension skills would be provided only in English.

UPSC IAS Exam Pattern | Prelims

Here we have tabulated the exam pattern for UPSC IAS Prelims exam.
Name of the Paper Duration Questions
Paper-I: General Studies 2 hours 100
Paper-II: General Studies (CSAT) 2 hours 80
Name of the Paper Marks Allotted Nature of the paper
Paper-I: General Studies 200 Merit Ranking Nature
Paper-II: General Studies (CSAT) 200 Qualifying Nature

UPSC IAS Exam Pattern | Mains

Here we have tabulated the exam pattern for UPSC IAS Exam.
Paper Name of the paper
Paper-A Compulsory Indian Language
Paper-B English
Paper-I Essay
Paper-II General Studies I
Paper-III General Studies II
Paper-IV General Studies III
Paper-V General Studies IV
Paper-VI Optional Paper I
Paper-VII Optional Paper II
Duration of all the papers is 3 hours. Nature of the paper for Paper- A to B is of Qualifying nature while the Paper- I to VII is of Merit Ranking nature. Paper-A to B will be for 300 marks while the Paper- I to VII will be for 250 marks.

  1. The main exam is of 1,750 marks and the interview 275

The total marks will be 2025 marks.

The UPSC Prelims exam is meant to serve as a screening test only. The marks of Paper 1 are alone considered for making the merit list for this exam. Only those candidates who have qualified the Prelims can write the Mains exam. The marks scored in the Prelim exam is not counted in the final tally of the Mains exam or the Interview. 

Civil Services Mains Exam  Syllabus (In Short) 
The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper A – English -300 marks – Qualifying nature 
Marks not counted- Passing mandatory
The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.
The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:(i) Comprehension of given passages (ii) Precis Writing (iii) Usage and Vocabulary (iv) Short Essay.

Paper B – Modern Indian language 300 Marks – Qualifying nature – 
Marks not counted – Passing mandatory
(i) Comprehension of given passages. (ii) Precis Writing (iii) Usage and Vocabulary. (iv) Short Essay (v) Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa. 
Language                           Script       
  1. Assamese                              Assamese
  2. Bengali                                  Bengali
  3. Gujarati                                Gujarati
  4. Hindi                                     Devanagari
  5. Kannada                               Kannada
  6. Kashmiri                               Persian
  7. Konkani                                Devanagari
  8. Malayalam                            Malayalam
  9. Manipuri                               Bengali
  10. Marathi                                 Devanagari
  11. Nepali                                    Devanagari
  12. Oriya                                      Oriya
  13. Punjabi                                  Gurumukhi
  14. Sanskrit                                 Devanagari
  15. Sindhi                                    Devanagari or Arabic
  16. Tamil                                     Tamil
  17. Telugu                                   Telugu
  18. Urdu                                      Persian
  19. Bodo                                      Devanagari
  20. Dogri                                     Devanagari
  21. Maithilli                               Devanagari
  22. Santhali                                Devanagari or Olchiki

Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.
Note 2 : The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Essay – 250 Marks – 
To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice – Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely. Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

General Studies-I 250Marks [Most Static Portion of all the four GS papers]
(History and Geography of the World and Society, Indian Heritage and Culture)
TOPIC-1 Indian Culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
TOPIC – 2 Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues 
TOPIC – 3 The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. 
TOPIC – 4 Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country
TOPIC – 5 History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
TOPIC – 6 Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
TOPIC – 7 Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
TOPIC – 8 Effects of globalization on Indian society 
TOPIC – 9 Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. 
TOPIC –10 Salient features of world’s physical geography. 
TOPIC – 11 Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (Including India )
TOPIC – 12 Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

General Studies -II: 250 Marks (Constitution, Governance, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
TOPIC-1 Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
TOPIC-2 Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. 
TOPIC-3 Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. 
TOPIC-4 Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
TOPIC-5 Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. 
TOPIC-6 Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. 
TOPIC-7 Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act. 
TOPIC-8 and 9 •Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. •Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
TOPIC-10 Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
TOPIC-11 Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
TOPIC-12 Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections(women, children, disabled, poor, transgender etc.) of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
TOPIC-13 & 14 •Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. •Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
TOPIC-15 Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. 
TOPIC-16 Role of civil services in a democracy. 
TOPIC-17 India and its neighborhood- relations. 
TOPIC-18 Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests 
TOPIC-19 Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. 
TOPIC-20 Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

General Studies -III 250 Marks (Bio-diversity, Economic Development,  Environment, Science & Technology, Security and Disaster Management)

TOPIC-1 Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
TOPIC-2 Inclusive growth and issues arising from it
TOPIC-3 Government Budgeting
TOPIC-4 Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems; storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers
TOPIC-5 Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing
TOPIC-6 Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management.
TOPIC-7 Land reforms in India
TOPIC-8 Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth
TOPIC-9 Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc
TOPIC-10 Investment models
TOPIC-11 •Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday rights. •Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. •Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights
TOPIC-12 Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
TOPIC-13 Disaster and disaster management
TOPIC-14 •Linkages between development and spread of extremism. •Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. •Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention. •Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism
TOPIC-15 Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

Paper-V (250 Marks) 
TOPIC-1 Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
TOPIC-2 Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
TOPIC-3 Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weakersections.
TOPIC-4 Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
TOPIC-5 Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
TOPIC-6 Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
TOPIC-7 Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
TOPIC-8 Case Studies on above issues.
Optional Subject – Paper I -250 Marks

Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

UPSC civil services optional subjects/Optional List for UPSC IAS MAINS EXAM:

SN NO List of optional subjects in UPSC
1 Agriculture
2 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
3 Anthropology
4 Botany
5 Chemistry
6 Civil Engineering
7 Commerce & Accountancy
8 Economics
9 Electrical Engineering
10 Geography
11 Geology
12 History
13 Law
14 Management
15 Mathematics
16 Mechanical Engineering
17 Medical Science
18 Philosophy
19 Physics
20 Political Science & International Relations
21 Psychology
22 Public Administration
23 Sociology
24 Statistics
25 Zoology

List of Literature optional subjects in UPSC IAS MAINS EXAM

Aspirants can opt for a literature subject as their optional for UPSC Mains even if they had not taken that language as their graduation subject. There will be two papers. Each paper is of 250 marks. The languages prescribed here are from the Eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution.
SN NO List of Literature optional subjects
1 Assamese
2 Bengali
3 Bodo
4 Dogri
5 Gujarati
6 Hindi
7 Kannada
8 Kashmiri
9 Konkani
10 Maithili
11 Malayalam
12 Manipuri
13 Marathi
14 Nepali
15 Oriya
16 Punjabi
17. Sanskrit
18. Santhali
19 Sindhi
20 Tamil
21 Telugu
22 Urdu
23 English

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